Jeremy Howick

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I received my Ph.D. from the London School of Economics under the supervision of Professor John Worrall and Professor Nancy Cartwright in 2008. In the same year, I received a Post Graduate Teaching Certificate. Since then, I have trained as a clinical epidemiologist. As an undergraduate, I studied engineering, and I received a distinction as a graduate in political philosophy from the University of Oxford.

I have been a lecturer at University College London, and a visiting professor at McGill University (Montreal, Canada) and Buffalo University (New York, United States).


Philosophy and interdisciplinary publications

Howick J (2020). On Placebo. (under review, Oxford University Press February).

Howick J and Aronson JK (2020). 'Exploring the failed attempts to compare the fruitfulness of mechanisms with observational research for generating medical advances'. Draft complete, submitting to Philosophy of Science September 2020.
Howick J. (2020). 'Unethical informed consent caused by overlooking poorly measured nocebo effects'. Journal of Medical Ethics.

Howick J, Kelly P, Kelly M (2019). 'Establishing a Causal Link between Social Relationships and Health using the Bradford Hill Guidelines'. SSM - Population Health, Volume 8. DOI:

Howick J (2019). 'Exploring the Asymetrical Relationship Between the Power of Finance Bias and Evidence'. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 62(1): 159-187. DOI: 10.1353/pbm.2019.0009.
Hardman DI and Howick J. (2019) 'The friendly relationship between therapeutic empathy and person-centred care', European Journal for Person Centred Healthcare, 7(2), 351-357. doi:10.5750/ejpch.v7i2.1689

Uusitalo S, Howick J (2018). 'Philosophy of too much medicine conference report'. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 24(5):1011-12. Doi:10.1111/jep.13000.

Bailey R, Howick J (2018). 'Did John Stuart Mill influence the design of controlled clinical trials?' JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation ( mill-influence-design-controlled-clinical-trials/)


Medical publications

Howick J, Webster RK, Rees J, Turner R, Macdonald H, 1. Price A, Evers WMA, Bishop FL, Collins GS, Bokelmann K, Hopewell S, Knottnerus A, Lamb S, Madigan C, Napadow V, Papanikitas A, Hoffmann T. TIDieR- 'Placebo: a guide and checklist for reporting placebo and sham controls'. PLOS Medicine (accepted for publication, forthcoming).

Howick J, Lyness E, Albury C, Smith KA, Dambha-Miller H, Ratnapalan M, Vennik J, Hughes S, Bostock J, Morrison L, Mallen C, Everitt H, Dean S, Levett-Jones T, Ivynian S, Little P, and Bishop FL (2020). 'Anatomy of positive messages in healthcare consultations: component analysis of messages within 22 randomised trials'. European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare 7(4). DOI:
Howick J, Webster R, Kirby N, Hood K (2018). 'Rapid Review of Systematic Reviews of Nocebo Effects Reported by Patients Taking Placebos in Clinical Trials'. Trials 19:674. DOI:

Howick J, Hoffmann T (2018). 'How placebos influence intervention effects: The importance of knowing what they really are'. CMAJ 190(30):E908-E911. DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.171400.

Howick J, Bizzari V, Dambha-Miller H (2018). 'Therapeutic empathy: what it is and what it isn’t'. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 111(7) 233-236. DOI: 10.1177/0141076818781403
Evers A, Colloca L, Blease C, ... Howick J, et al (2018). 'Implications of Placebo and Nocebo Effects for Clinical Practice: Expert Consensus'. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. Published online 12 June 2018. DOI: 10.1159/000490354.
Gray M, Gray J, Howick J. 'Personalised healthcare and population healthcare'. The Journal ofthe Royal Society of Medicine. Royal Society of Medicine; 111(2) 51–56 DOI: 10.1177/0141076818769477


Interdisciplinary research, straddling boundary between philosophy of science, epidemiology, and applied ethics. This includes an in depth analysis of the evidence- based medicine ‘philosophy’, extensive research on the nature, effects, and ethics of placebos, and has recently evolved into an exploration of the ethics, epistemology, and effects of empathic and digitally assisted healthcare (including the use of artificially intelligent robots). AOS: Empathy, Medical Ethics, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Medicine, Sociology of Science AOC: Evidence-based medicine, political philosophy.

  • Philosophy of Medicine 
  • Philosophy of Science